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发布时间:2021-03-29 07:28:01 丨 浏览次数 649次

◆ Bubbles will always burst and capital will always flee.


More than 10 years ago, a Tibetan mastiff was able to exchange two sets of Baiping houses in Beijing.


At its craziest time, a Tibetan mastiff can sell for 20 to 30 million, and it can be a rare item.


But who would think that today, the Tibetan Mastiff has been reduced to a stray dog, wandering on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and on the Qinghai-Tibet Line. It is not uncommon to even attack herders, tourists, cyclists, and kill people in order to find food.


In the next 10 years, what happened from the "Oriental Dog" to the stray dog?


"Nine dogs come out of one mastiff". In ancient times, the Tibetan mastiff was dubbed the "Oriental Dog".


Beginning in the Han Dynasty, tribes in Tibet, Qinghai and other places paid tribute to the central court, and Tibetan mastiffs were indispensable. In the Qing Dynasty, Qianlong also gave his favorite Tibetan Mastiff the "Dog Champion".


From this period, the Tibetan Mastiff is certainly precious, but it is limited to the small circle of nobles.


Until 2004, the Tibetan mastiff, which originally lived mainly in Tibetan areas, began to be shipped across the country, becoming a living money printing machine.


Because of the Tibetan Mastiff, it has caught up with a "good era".


From 2004 to 2008, film and television works such as "Wolf Totem", "Tibetan Mastiff", and "Tibetan Code" were broadcast successively, and the image of Tibetan mastiff's bravery and loyalty is well-known to everyone.


Adopting a Tibetan mastiff became popular.


Of course, behind this is also the push of one person: the former Chinese track and field coach Ma Junren.


After withdrawing from the Chinese sports arena in 2004, Ma Junren was elected as the chairman of the Chinese Tibetan Mastiff Association.


During this period, he often publicly served as a platform for the Tibetan Mastiff.


For example: 120,000 to buy the first Tibetan mastiff, 1.5 million to buy a good variety of red-bellied four-eyed Tibetan mastiff, a Korean priest bid 20 million to buy his Tibetan mastiff. To

例如:购买第一只藏mast 12万,购买红腹四眼藏mast各种品种150万,韩国牧师出价2000万购买他的藏mast。至

The numbers are getting bigger and bigger, and the popularity of the Tibetan mastiff is also rising.


Ma Junren made a good start, and the relevant stakeholders will naturally not let this opportunity pass.


Around 2008, there were countless exhibitions about Tibetan mastiffs. Some organizers tried to beautify Tibetan mastiffs by selecting various so-called "mastiff kings".


Some middlemen also increase the value of Tibetan mastiffs by constantly changing hands, attracting unclear receivers.


The Tibetan mastiff has become more and more exaggerated, and even evolved into: one mastiff fighting three tigers, three mastiffs sinking the aircraft carrier, five mastiffs fighting God, and ten mastiffs Genesis.


In the hottest years, the transaction price of Tibetan Mastiff refreshed people's three views.


In September 2007, a "Mastiff King" settled in Wuhan, and the agreement was priced at 3.9 million yuan.

2007年9月,“ M王”在武汉定居,协议价格为390万元。

That year, the average house price in Beijing was less than 13,000.


In September 2009, a boss in Xi'an bought a Tibetan mastiff named "Yangtze No. 2" in Yushu, Qinghai, for a price of 4 million yuan, and organized 30 Mercedes-Benz cars to pick up the airport.


In 2010, a "transfer" to Zibo, Shandong Province, called "Dadi" Tibetan Mastiff, sold for 10 million.


At that time, someone commented: My uncle had a car accident the year before, and only received 200,000 compensation. This dog is 50 times more expensive than my uncle.


In December 2011, at a Beijing Mastiff Exhibition, a certain Qingdao Tibetan Mastiff was priced at 30 million yuan.


Assuming that this Tibetan Mastiff weighs 70 kilograms, at 400 yuan per gram of gold, the gold equivalent to this Tibetan Mastiff is only worth 28 million.


The madness of the seller's market has promoted the increase of Tibetan mastiff breeding fees: generally ranging from 30,000 to 50,000, and well-known ones can reach more than 200,000.


It is said that there were several well-known breed dogs in Yushu at that time, and people drove in the middle of the night with their own Tibetan mastiffs waiting in line for breeding.


According to the Tibetan mastiff industry, the price of a Tibetan mastiff with a purity of 90% can reach 300,000 per time.


The social atmosphere at that time also changed a lot.


Ordinary people have three major impressions of Tibetan mastiffs: ferocious, resembling a lion, and expensive. The upper class sees the Tibetan Mastiff as a new tool for showing off their wealth.


In Hurun's 2008 China New Aristocratic Standard, Tibetan Mastiff is the only luxury pet mentioned.


According to a 2013 report in the New Evening News, the buying and selling of Tibetan Mastiffs has become a "screen" for some government and businessmen. Engaging in relationships, going through projects, and sending a few Tibetan mastiffs, often green lights all the way.

根据《新晚报》 2013年的报道,藏Tibetan的买卖已成为一些政亚博滚球app竞猜府和商人的“屏幕”。参与人际关系,进行项目并派出几只藏mast,经常会一直开绿灯。

The collapse of the story happened in 2013.


This year, the Tibetan Mastiff fever has fully subsided, and tens of thousands of farms can be used to catch birds.


Ordinary Tibetan Mastiff, the price has dropped to 1,000 yuan, it may not be able to sell. In 2010, the annual transaction volume of Tibetan Mastiff in Qinghai was more than 200 million yuan, and by 2015, only 50 million yuan was left.

普通的藏ast,价格已经降到了1000元左右,它可能无法出售。 2010年,青海藏M的年交易额超过2亿元,而到2015年,仅剩下5000万元。

In order to reduce losses, some large Tibetan mastiff breeders even sell Tibetan mastiffs as meat dogs for a few hundred yuan.


And those Tibetans with good intentions couldn't bear to send the Tibetan mastiff to the slaughterhouse, and could only abandon the Tibetan mastiff that they couldn't support, causing the number of stray Tibetan mastiffs in Tibetan areas to skyrocket.


The collapse of the Tibetan Mastiff fever is inseparable from the fate of all bubbles: the bubble is too big to tell the story, and no one takes it, it just collapses.


In the few years when the Tibetan Mastiff was hot, almost every Tibetan household would raise several Tibetan Mastiffs. Those large and medium-sized Tibetan mastiff farms artificially create "famous" Tibetan mastiffs through breeding and propaganda.


A major attribute of bubbles is scarcity. More, naturally a bubble will be formed.


On the other hand, demand dropped sharply.


At the end of 2012, the policy wind changed suddenly, and the high-end tobacco, alcohol, and catering industries began to slump and spread to the Tibetan mastiff industry.


Moreover, some local powerful figures have begun to be severely beaten in incidents such as collecting money and showing off their wealth by collecting gifts of Tibetan mastiffs.


In 2009, a state-owned enterprise boss was arrested in Hunan. The mainstream media at the time reported this: "The boss is planted on a dog."


Chen Xin, the protagonist of this case, repeatedly used his power to ask for bribes of famous dogs from those who begged him to do things. Among them, the Tibetan mastiff was the best dog, and the incident eventually happened.


The collapse of the image of the Tibetan Mastiff also dealt a heavy blow to the bubble.


In the mouths of stakeholders, the Tibetan Mastiff is a symbol of bravery and loyalty, and some even brazenly claim that the Tibetan Mastiff can defeat wild wolves and tigers.


But people soon discovered that the Tibetan Mastiff can also dominate dogs, and its combat effectiveness is completely inferior to wolves and tigers.


Take the bite force as an example, the average bite force of the Tibetan Mastiff is 300 kg, which is less than half of that of the wolf (700 kg).


In 2011, Liang Hongda published a program titled "Tibetan Mastiff, A Legend That Cannot Be Scrambled", praising the Tibetan Mastiff's loyalty and brave virtues.


However, in 2013, he woke up and made another issue of "Tibetan Mastiff Is Not So God". In the program, the rumors were refuted: in terms of IQ, the Tibetan Mastiff's IQ is very low; in terms of combat effectiveness, let alone compare with wolves and leopards, even the Bull Terrier cannot beat it.


To say that the Tibetan Mastiff is loyal is even more exaggerated. Many Tibetan Mastiff buyers complained:


Every day, a live chicken, good meat and good dishes are taken care of by a person. This pet does not recognize people. It is equivalent to tens of thousands or hundreds of thousands buying a time bomb and waiting at home.


The high cost of breeding is also a major disadvantage of the Tibetan Mastiff. It is more expensive to buy Tibetan mastiffs, but more expensive to raise Tibetan mastiffs.


According to a Tibetan who domesticated a Tibetan mastiff, feeding a 70-kg Tibetan mastiff requires a daily cost of 300-400 yuan, which is more pressure than paying a monthly mortgage.


For those famous mastiffs, in order to ensure that their quality of life is not reduced, the cost is much higher.


There was a news report that a man had stolen a 400,000 Tibetan mastiff and went home. As a result, he was poor in 8 months and had to change hands for 1,000 yuan.


The Tibetan mastiffs transported from the plateau to the inland often suffer from various problems due to the inadequacy of the soil and water. They become sick all day long and completely lose their majestic image on the auction floor.


Some Tibetan mastiffs may suffer from skin diseases because of the hot weather. The nose, eyelids and other parts will shed hair, revealing red and swollen skin. Some people even commented that "it is not as good as a dog, no one wants to send it."


These will eventually puncture the bubble.


The bubble burst, slid fast and fled, and slid slowly to be swept away.


According to statistics, by 2015, two-thirds of the 3,000 Tibetan mastiff breeding centers in Tibet will be closed. In Chengdu, the thriving purebred Tibetan Mastiff market has become a pet and aquarium expo.


Those players who took over a million Tibetan Mastiffs undoubtedly suffered a dumb loss. I want to show off my wealth, but now that the Tibetan mastiff runs all over the street, I can't show off my wealth.


Those who tried to change hands were even worse. If you buy a few famous mastiffs at a high position at the same time, it is probably the same as buying a few stocks that are cut in half.


However, the stock may rise back, and Tibetan Mastiff, I am afraid there is no chance.


According to Zhou Yi, secretary-general of the Qinghai Tibetan Mastiff Association, as far as he knows, there are nearly a hundred businessmen who have invested tens of millions of money and lost their money.


The saddest thing is the Tibetan Mastiff. As a commodity, once it enters the circulation link, the level of profit directly determines their life and death.


When the market is frenzied, in order to raise huge Tibetan mastiffs and sell them at high prices, many owners will put baby bibs on puppies with growth potential and directly use the funnel to infuse the milk residue.


Some owners even arrange treadmills to make the Tibetan mastiff look more robust.


Some simply challenged the bottom line and directly put silicone and water on the legs and face of the Tibetan mastiff.


There are even those who have undergone surgery, pulling the skin on the forehead of the Tibetan mastiff to the nose to make it look like the "puff point is forward".


After the bubble burst, the Tibetan Mastiff fell into another desperate situation. Or be treated as a meat dog or abandoned.


In Tibet, a large number of Tibetan mastiffs are homeless, hungry all day long, and even cannibalism. Someone once saw a Tibetan mastiff holding the hind legs of another Tibetan mastiff.


According to the Beijing Youth Daily, there are more than 14,000 stray dogs in Guoluo Prefecture, Qinghai with a population of only 170,000, most of which are Tibetan mastiffs.


This has caused serious problems to local governments, residents and charitable organizations. Bystanders who were originally outside the Tibetan Mastiff fever have become the payers of the bubble.


First of all, the emergence of a large number of stray Tibetan mastiffs inevitably caused conflicts between people and mastiffs, and there were endless reports of Tibetan mastiff biting people.


Some Tibetan mastiffs also snatch their children from women's arms. In 2016, a very bloody incident happened in Yushu: a little girl who was in elementary school was killed by a stray Tibetan mastiff when she went to the toilet at night. When she was found, she had already had one leg eaten.

一些藏mast还从妇女的怀抱中抢走孩子。 2016年,玉树发生了一起非常血腥的事件:一个小学上的小女孩晚上上厕所时被一只流浪的藏mast杀死。被发现时,她已经吃了一条腿。

In Nangqian County, Yushu, the worst-hit area of ​​the stray Tibetan Mastiff, some elementary school students were afraid to go out alone for some time because "people are bitten every day."


According to a data from the Tibet Center for Disease Control, an average of 180 people are bitten by stray dogs every month.


It stands to reason that "Tibetan Mastiff is stronger than tiger", and more or less people will hunt and kill Tibetan Mastiff.


However, Tibetans are unwilling to hunt down the Tibetan mastiff due to religious influence.


There was a mother whose daughter was bitten by a Tibetan mastiff in half of her face, and when the dog team came, she took the initiative to protect the Tibetan mastiff in the yard, fearing that the dog team would kill the Tibetan mastiff.


According to media reports, a woman was afraid to go to the hospital after she was bitten by a stray dog ​​because she was worried that the stray dog ​​would be killed.


Intuitively, 90% of Tibetans refuse to hunt stray dogs.


Therefore, the government and charity organizations established shelter centers and sterilized stray dogs, which became the last decent practice.


But this also brings about a problem: the resources invested are too many, and far from enough.


Often a shelter with a planned capacity of 1,000 stray dogs has to be expanded exponentially in the end, and even the actual situation of 1,000 stray dogs changed from 1,000 to 8,000.


Most stray dogs are Tibetan mastiffs, and these Tibetan mastiffs eat a lot.


For example, a shelter in Maozhuang Township, Nangqian County, has adopted more than 600 stray Tibetan dogs. In addition to the leftovers collected from surrounding restaurants, temples, and schools, the shelter consumes more than 850 catties of flour every day. Moonlight costs more than 20,000 yuan for food.


Even so, these Tibetan dogs are still hungry and barking, once again staged the phenomenon of dogs eating dogs.


The expenditures for breeding staff and infrastructure maintenance are also not low.


And these are mainly borne by the local monastery Su Mang Temple.


In addition, a large number of stray Tibetan mastiffs can also cause echinococcosis. As an intermediate host, the stray Tibetan mastiff will contaminate water sources through dog feces and other means after being infected with echinococcosis, and then cause human infections.


Hydatid disease is also called worm cancer. The 10-year mortality rate of untreated alveolar echinococcosis is as high as 94%, and many herders have lost their lives for this.


From 2008 to 2013, in some areas of Guoluo Prefecture, Qinghai Province, where stray dogs were concentrated, one out of eight people was infected with echinococcosis, making it one of the most severe areas in the world.


There is nothing new under the sun.


From the sky-high price god dog to a hot pot ingredient, this fate does not only happen to the Tibetan mastiff.


In this Tibetan mastiff bubble, if you replace the Tibetan mastiff with nutria, tulips, orchids, etc., there is no sense of disobedience.


Capital can determine many things, but it can never change the laws of nature:


Bubbles will always burst and capital will always flee.


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